Using kubectl patch in continuous deployment
How to deploy new Docker images to your Kubernetes cluster? Of course, there are many ways and one of the most common ways is to use kubectl set image, for example:
kubectl set image deployment/nginx-deployment nginx=nginx:1.17.5-alpine
However, what happens if you have more containers in your deployment pod spec? And what if you also have initContainers? Fortunately, kubectl patch can help. Let's assume we have two containers and one init container. Here is the patch file (patch.yaml) we can use:
spec: template: spec: initContainers: - name: foo image: mycompany/fooimage:1.0.1 containers: - name: bar image: mycompany/barimage:8743b520 - name: baz image: mycompany/bazimage:2.15.8
We can simply apply this by the following command:
kubectl patch deployment mydeployment -p "$(cat patch.yaml)"
And voilà, all images in the deployment are updated at once.Get 20€ Hetzner Cloud Coupon!
Of course, you may ask what happens when image tags are variable? Of course, this information may differ in each deployment. You can use git tags or maybe git hashes for this, but how to pass it to your patch file. We can simply replace tags with variables and then use sed to replace these dummy values with the real ones. Let's consider this template:
spec: template: spec: initContainers: - name: foo image: mycompany/fooimage:FOOVER containers: - name: bar image: mycompany/barimage:BARVER - name: baz image: mycompany/bazimage:BAZVER
Now let's use sed to replace these variables with the real values:
sed -i -e "s,FOOVER,1.0.1,g" patch.yaml sed -i -e "s,BARVER,8743b520,g" patch.yaml sed -i -e "s,BAZVER,2.15.8,g" patch.yaml
And we are done, now just apply kubectl patch the same way as above.